Analysis of anti-streptococcal group A carbohydrate idiotope levels in sera: correlation of magnitude of expression with idiotope position and VK haplotype

J Immunol. 1986 Jul 1;137(1):228-33.


We have employed monoclonal anti-idiotopes to map the corresponding idiotopes on the variable domain of a prototype antibody specific for streptococcal group A carbohydrate (GAC). Idiotope variability, as assessed by direct and competitive binding assays, previously was shown to correlate with idiotope position; determinants farther from the binding site were less variable. We now describe a relationship between idiotope position and idiotope concentration in normal and GAC-immune sera from mice of several inbred and recombinant inbred strains. Employing sera as inhibitors in a competitive radioimmunoassay, we demonstrate that idiotopes farther from the binding site (more proximal) tend to be present at higher levels in GAC-hyperimmune sera. Only the most proximal idiotope was detected in normal serum, and this idiotope was present in normal sera from all 12 strains tested. Finally, significant interstrain differences in patterns of idiotope expression were observed, and some of these differences appear to be correlated with allelic differences at immunoglobulin structural gene loci.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Binding Sites, Antibody
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Immunoglobulin Idiotypes / analysis*
  • Immunoglobulin Idiotypes / genetics
  • Immunoglobulin Idiotypes / immunology
  • Immunoglobulin Variable Region / genetics*
  • Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains / genetics*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred A
  • Mice, Inbred AKR
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Inbred DBA
  • Polysaccharides, Bacterial / immunology*
  • Streptococcus pyogenes / immunology*


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Immunoglobulin Idiotypes
  • Immunoglobulin Variable Region
  • Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains
  • Polysaccharides, Bacterial
  • streptococcal group A cell wall carbohydrate