Short clinically-based prediction model to forecast transition to psychosis in individuals at clinical high risk state

Eur Psychiatry. 2019 May;58:72-79. doi: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2019.02.007. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Abstract

Objective: The predictive accuracy of the Clinical High Risk criteria for Psychosis (CHR-P) regarding the future development of the disorder remains suboptimal. It is therefore necessary to incorporate refined risk estimation tools which can be applied at the individual subject level. The aim of the study was to develop an easy-to use, short refined risk estimation tool to predict the development of psychosis in a new CHR-P cohort recruited in European country with less established early detection services.

Methods: A cohort of 105 CHR-P individuals was assessed with the Comprehensive Assessment of At Risk Mental States12/2006, and then followed for a median period of 36 months (25th-75th percentile:10-59 months) for transition to psychosis. A multivariate Cox regression model predicting transition was generated with preselected clinical predictors and was internally validated with 1000 bootstrap resamples.

Results: Speech disorganization and unusual thought content were selected as potential predictors of conversion on the basis of published literature. The prediction model was significant (p < 0.0001) and confirmed that both speech disorganization (HR = 1.69; 95%CI: 1.39-2.05) and unusual thought content (HR = 1.51; 95%CI: 1.27-1.80) were significantly associated with transition. The prognostic accuracy of the model was adequate (Harrell's c- index = 0.79), even after optimism correction through internal validation procedures (Harrell's c-index = 0.78).

Conclusions: The clinical prediction model developed, and internally validated, herein to predict transition from a CHR-P to psychosis may be a promising tool for use in clinical settings. It has been incorporated into an online tool available at: https://link.konsta.com.pl/psychosis. Future external replication studies are needed.

Keywords: Clinical high risk for psychosis; Early intervention; Psychosis; Risk; Schizophrenia; Transition; Ultra high risk.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cohort Studies
  • Disease Progression
  • Early Diagnosis*
  • Europe
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models, Psychological*
  • Prodromal Symptoms*
  • Prognosis
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Psychotic Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Psychotic Disorders / psychology
  • Risk Assessment / methods