Health Data Collection Before, During and After Emergencies and Disasters-The Result of the Kobe Expert Meeting

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Mar 12;16(5):893. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16050893.


In October 2018, the World Health Organization (WHO) convened a meeting to identify key research needs, bringing together leading experts from WHO, WHO Thematic Platform for Health Emergency and Disaster Risk Management (Health-EDRM) Research Network (TPRN), World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM), the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), and delegates to the Asia Pacific Conference for Disaster Medicine (APCDM) 2018. The meeting identified key research needs in five major research areas for Health-EDRM. One of the five major research areas was "Health data collection during emergency and disaster". Experts for this research area highlighted WHO Emergency Medical Team Minimum Data Set (EMT MDS), a standardized medical data collection method during and after disasters, as an example of substantial progress, with knowledge gaps and challenges in implementation in some regions and countries (i.e., information collection methodology in medical facilities of affected local areas, seamless and practical connection between acute phase data collection and post-acute phase local surveillance). The discussion on this research area also identified key research needs in standardization of broader health-related data to inform effective Health EDRM (i.e., community vulnerabilities, hospital functional status, infrastructure, lifelines and health workforce).

Keywords: Emergency Medical Team; Emergency Medical Team Minimum Data Set; Public Health Surveillance; Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction; WHO Thematic Platform for H-EDRM; epidemiology; health emergency and disaster risk management (H-EDRM).

MeSH terms

  • Data Collection
  • Disaster Planning / methods*
  • Disasters*
  • Emergencies*
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Humans
  • International Agencies*
  • International Cooperation*
  • Japan
  • World Health Organization