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Review
, 8 (3)

Bioactive Compounds, Nutritional Value, and Potential Health Benefits of Indigenous Durian ( Durio Zibethinus Murr.): A Review

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Review

Bioactive Compounds, Nutritional Value, and Potential Health Benefits of Indigenous Durian ( Durio Zibethinus Murr.): A Review

Nur Atirah A Aziz et al. Foods.

Abstract

Durian (Durio zibethinus Murr.) is an energy-dense seasonal tropical fruit grown in Southeast Asia. It is one of the most expensive fruits in the region. It has a creamy texture and a sweet-bitter taste. The unique durian flavour is attributable to the presence of fat, sugar, and volatile compounds such as esters and sulphur-containing compounds such as thioacetals, thioesters, and thiolanes, as well as alcohols. This review shows that durian is also rich in flavonoids (i.e., flavanols, anthocyanins), ascorbic acid, and carotenoids. However, limited studies exist regarding the variation in bioactive and volatile components of different durian varieties from Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. Experimental animal models have shown that durian beneficially reduces blood glucose and cholesterol levels. Durian extract possesses anti-proliferative and probiotics effects in in vitro models. These effects warrant further investigation in human interventional studies for the development of functional food.

Keywords: durian; esters; polyphenols; propionate; thioacetals; thioesters; volatile compounds.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare no conflict of interest. The founding sponsors had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, and in the decision to publish the results.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
(A) Durian tree with fruit. (B) Durian fruit with its spiny rind. (C) Durian aril (flesh).

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