Objectives: Evaluate correlation between donor nerve semi-quantitative electromyography (sqEMG) and strength outcome in nerve transfer surgery.
Methods: Retrospective review of pre-operative donor nerve semi-quantitative neurophysiology and post-operative recipient muscle force after at least one-year follow-up. The semi-quantitative technique is the average motor unit number estimate associated with needle recorded interference patterns in the donor muscle (IP-AMUNE), which was correlated with hand-held manometry, standardized as a percent of the contralateral arm, using multivariable linear regression with backward selection.
Results: Twenty-eight nerve transfer cases were included. The correlation between the donor nerve IP-AMUNE and the recipient muscle strength was moderate to strong and highly significant (r = 0.67, p < 0.001). Medical Research Council (MRC) grading did not predict strength (p > 0.54).
Conclusions: IP-AMUNE is a good predictor of strength after nerve transfer surgery and should be considered in the evaluation and planning of patients undergoing nerve transfer to aid in donor nerve selection.
Significance: IP-AMUNE may significantly benefit those undergoing nerve transfer surgery for the restoration of movement.
Keywords: Electromyography; Nerve transfer; Neurophysiology; Quantitative neurophysiology; Reconstructive neurosurgery; Spinal cord injury.
Copyright © 2019 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.