Epidemiology, Control, and Prevention of Newcastle Disease in Endemic Regions: Latin America

Trop Anim Health Prod. 2019 Jun;51(5):1033-1048. doi: 10.1007/s11250-019-01843-z. Epub 2019 Mar 15.


Newcastle disease (ND) infects wild birds and poultry species worldwide, severely impacting the economics of the poultry industry. ND is especially problematic in Latin America (Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela, and Peru) where it is either endemic or re-emerging. The disease is caused by infections with one of the different strains of virulent avian Newcastle disease virus (NDV), recently renamed Avian avulavirus 1. Here, we describe the molecular epidemiology of Latin American NDVs, current control and prevention methods, including vaccines and vaccination protocols, as well as future strategies for control of ND. Because the productive, cultural, economic, social, and ecological conditions that facilitate poultry endemicity in South America are similar to those in the developing world, most of the problems and control strategies described here are applicable to other continents.

Keywords: Disease control; Endemic; Epidemiology; Evolution; Newcastle disease; Vaccines.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chickens*
  • Latin America / epidemiology
  • Newcastle Disease* / epidemiology
  • Newcastle Disease* / prevention & control
  • Newcastle disease virus / immunology*
  • Poultry Diseases* / epidemiology
  • Poultry Diseases* / prevention & control
  • Vaccination / veterinary*
  • Viral Vaccines / administration & dosage*


  • Viral Vaccines