Reconstructive surgery of the aortic valve is being increasingly used in patients with aortic regurgitation and/or aortic aneurysm. Its success depends on restoring normal aortic valve and root form. Echocardiography is the most reliable and precise imaging technique because it defines abnormal morphology and function, essential for selecting appropriate substrates and guiding the surgical strategy. Despite technical advances in echocardiography, aortic valve and aortic root morphology and function are still assessed mainly using 2-dimensional echocardiography in clinical practice. This review focuses on the need to use 3-dimensional echocardiography to characterize different forms of aortic valve and root abnormalities and attempts to define echocardiographic predictors of successful valve-root complex repair.
Keywords: 3D echocardiography; aortic regurgitation; aortic root; aortic valve repair.
Copyright © 2019 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.