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. 2019 Apr;30(4):531-538.
doi: 10.1016/j.jvir.2018.11.028. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Effectiveness of Intra-Arterial Aneurysm Sac Embolization for Type Ia Endoleak After Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

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Effectiveness of Intra-Arterial Aneurysm Sac Embolization for Type Ia Endoleak After Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

Elena Marchiori et al. J Vasc Interv Radiol. .

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness and durability of intra-arterial aneurysm sac embolization for the treatment of type Ia endoleak after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR).

Materials and methods: From February 2011 to December 2016, 22 patients underwent embolization of a type Ia endoleak after EVAR. Four patients (18%) were treated during the index EVAR and 18 (82%) in follow-up. Five patients (23%) were treated urgently and 17 (77%) electively. The embolization was performed with the use of liquid embolic agent, coils, and/or plugs. Adjunctive neck procedures were performed in 55% (n = 12) of the patients. The primary endpoint of this study was freedom from sac enlargement. Key secondary endpoints were technical success and freedom from endoleak-related reinterventions.

Results: Technical success was 100%. The 30-day mortality was 5% (n = 1; acute coronary syndrome). At a mean follow-up of 15.4 months (range 0.1-65.4) the freedom from sac enlargement rate was 76% (16 out of 21). Reintervention-free survival rates at 6, 12, and 24 months were 80%, 68% and 68%, respectively.

Conclusions: In patients with persistent type Ia endoleak the embolization of the aneurysm sac with or without adjunctive neck procedures can be safely performed, leading to acceptable clinical and radiologic outcomes.

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