Signal-sequence-lacking interleukin (IL)-1β, is cleaved by caspase-1 to mature mIL-1β, which is secreted, without entering the endoplasmic reticulum. We report that macrophages of GRASP55-/- mice are defective in mIL-1β secretion and retain it as intracellular aggregates. Intriguingly, GRASP55-/- macrophages are defective in the IRE1α branch of the unfolded protein response. This finding fits well with our data that inhibition of IRE1α also impairs mIL-1β secretion and causes its accumulation in intracellular aggregates. PERK inhibition, on the other hand, controls caspase-1-mediated conversion of proIL-1β to mIL-1β. These findings reveal translation-independent functions of PERK and IRE1α: PERK controls the production of mIL-1β, which is then followed by GRASP55 and IRE1α activity to keep mIL-1β in a secretion-competent form.
Keywords: GRASP; interleukin-1β (IL-1β); unconventional protein secretion (UPS); unfolded protein response (UPR).
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