Diverse plant viruses: a toolbox for dissection of cellular pathways

J Exp Bot. 2019 Jun 28;70(12):3029-3034. doi: 10.1093/jxb/erz122.

Abstract

Research in virology has usually focused on one selected host-virus pathosystem to examine the mechanisms underlying a particular disease. However, as exemplified by the mechanistically versatile suppression of antiviral RNA silencing by plant viruses, there may be functionally convergent evolution. Assuming this is a widespread feature, we propose that effector proteins from diverse plant viruses can be a powerful resource for discovering new regulatory mechanisms of distinct cellular pathways. The efficiency of this approach will depend on how deeply and widely the studied pathway is integrated into viral infections. Beyond this, comparative studies using broad virus diversity should increase our global understanding of plant-virus interactions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Host-Pathogen Interactions
  • Plant Diseases / virology*
  • Plant Viruses / physiology*
  • RNA Interference
  • RNA, Viral / genetics
  • Viral Proteins

Substances

  • RNA, Viral
  • Viral Proteins