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. 2019 Apr 11;62(7):3407-3427.
doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.8b01888. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Discovery of Novel Spiroindoline Derivatives as Selective Tankyrase Inhibitors


Discovery of Novel Spiroindoline Derivatives as Selective Tankyrase Inhibitors

Fumiyuki Shirai et al. J Med Chem. .


The canonical WNT pathway plays an important role in cancer pathogenesis. Inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase catalytic activity of the tankyrases (TNKS/TNKS2) has been reported to reduce the Wnt/β-catenin signal by preventing poly ADP-ribosylation-dependent degradation of AXIN, a negative regulator of Wnt/β-catenin signaling. With the goal of investigating the effects of tankyrase and Wnt pathway inhibition on tumor growth, we set out to find small-molecule inhibitors of TNKS/TNKS2 with suitable drug-like properties. Starting from 1a, a high-throughput screening hit, the spiroindoline derivative 40c (RK-287107) was discovered as a potent TNKS/TNKS2 inhibitor with >7000-fold selectivity against the PARP1 enzyme, which inhibits WNT-responsive TCF reporter activity and proliferation of human colorectal cancer cell line COLO-320DM. RK-287107 also demonstrated dose-dependent tumor growth inhibition in a mouse xenograft model. These observations suggest that RK-287107 is a promising lead compound for the development of novel tankyrase inhibitors as anticancer agents.

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