The safe treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in dental office office-based settings can be quite complex without a current understanding of the etiology, course, severity, and current treatment modalities of the disease. The additional concerns of providing sedation and/or general anesthesia to patients with COPD in settings outside of a hospital demand thorough investigation of individual patient presentation and realistic development of planned treatment that patients suffering from this respiratory condition can tolerate. Along with other co-morbidities, such as advanced age and potential significant cardiovascular compromise, the dental practitioner providing sedation or general anesthesia must tailor any treatment plan to address multiple organ systems and mitigate risks of precipitating acute respiratory failure from inadequate pain and/or anxiety control. Part I of this article covered the epidemiology, etiology, and pathophysiology of COPD. Patient considerations in the preoperative period were also reviewed. Part II will cover which patients are acceptable for sedation/general anesthesia in the dental office-based setting as well as sedation/general anesthesia techniques that may be considered. Postoperative care will also be reviewed.
Keywords: COPD; General anesthesia; Office-based; Sedation.