[Clinical manifestations and imaging analysis of cervicogenic headache]

Zhongguo Gu Shang. 2019 Feb 25;32(2):130-135. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-0034.2019.02.007.
[Article in Chinese]


Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics and mechanism of cervicogenic headache.

Methods: Fifty-seven patients with cervicogenic headache who were treated from May 2013 to December 2017 and had complete imaging data were selected, including 18 males and 39 females with an average age of(43.26±10.39) years old ranging from 20 to 63 years old. The duration of the disease was 4 months to 35 years with a mean of (11.74±9.47) years. The pain situation, iconography and Tinel sign were analyzed.

Results: The patients with cervicogenic headache often had bilateral pain. The regions mainly concentrated in the temporal region, with occipital, head or orbit pains. The VAS scores decreased with the duration of the disease. There were many cases of disc herniation(91.30%), vertebral instability(73.91%), atlantoaxial displacement(56.52%), curvature change of cervicogenic vertebra(54.35%). The number of positive Tinel sign points was between 3 and 24 (13.58±5.8) per patient. The number and extent of Tinel sign were significantly different between the affected side and healthy side(P<0.05). C₂,₃ facet joints(92.98%), post mastoid(89.47%), occipital concavity(89.47%), C₃,₄ facet joints(84.21%), third occipital nerve(80.70%) were the positive Tinel sign points in patients with cervicogenic headache.

Conclusions: The iconography changes of cervicogenic headache and Tinel sign may contribute to the clinical diagnosis and mechanism of the disease.

Keywords: Cervicogenic headache; Clinical features; Iconography; Tinel sign.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cervical Vertebrae
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Post-Traumatic Headache*
  • Spinal Nerves
  • Young Adult