Osteoclasts employ highly specialized intracellular trafficking controls for bone resorption and organelle homeostasis. The sorting nexin Snx10 is a (Phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate) PI3P-binding protein, which localizes to osteoclast early endosomes. Osteoclasts from humans and mice lacking functional Snx10 are severely dysfunctional. They show marked impairments in endocytosis, extracellular acidification, ruffled border formation, and bone resorption, suggesting that Snx10 regulates membrane trafficking. To better understand how SNx10 regulates vesicular formation and trafficking in osteoclasts, we set out on a search for Snx10 partners. We performed a yeast two-hybrid screening and identified FKBP12. FKBP12 is expressed in receptor activator of nuclear factor kB ligand-stimulated RAW264.7 monocytes, coimmunoprecipitates with Snx10, and colocalizes with Snx10 in osteoclasts. We also found that FKBP12, Snx10, and early endosome antigen 1 (EEA1) are present in the same subcellular fractions obtained by centrifugation in sucrose gradients, which confirms localization of FKBP12 to early endosomes. Taken together, these results indicate that Snx10 and FKBP12 are partners and suggest that Snx10 and FKBP12 are involved in the regulation of endosome/lysosome homeostasis via the synthesis. These findings may suggest novel therapeutic approaches to control bone loss by targeting essential steps in osteoclast membrane trafficking.
Keywords: osteoclast; resorption; vesicular trafficking.
© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.