A Study of Contact Lens Compliance in a Non-Clinical Setting

Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2019 Oct;42(5):557-561. doi: 10.1016/j.clae.2019.03.001. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate soft contact lens replacement, overnight (ON) wear, and contact lens case compliance in a non-clinical sample.

Methods: Subjects (n = 297) were recruited at the Center for Science and Industry (COSI) in Columbus, Ohio. Adult (≥ 18 years) soft contact lens wearers completed a survey about contact lens replacement, ON contact lens wear, and contact lens case replacement habits.

Results: Two-week replacement lenses (according to the manufacturer's replacement schedule [MRS]) were most common (45.5%), followed by monthly (34.3%) and daily replacement (20.2%). Non-compliance with replacement schedule was reported in 38.7% of subjects. Age (p = 0.02), years of lens wear (p = 0.02), and MRS (p <0.0001) affected replacement compliance. Post-hoc analysis showed daily replacement wearers were more compliant than two-week (p <0.0001) and monthly (p <0.0001) replacement wearers with prescribed lens replacement. Non-compliance with prescribed ON wear was reported in 23.9% of subjects. Subjects who were non-compliant with lens replacement were more likely to be non-compliant with ON wear (p = 0.02) and had worn contact lenses for less time (p = 0.02). Of the subjects who used contact lens cases, 74.6% were unsure when they should replace their case. Frequency of case replacement was not associated with age (p = 0.5), gender (p = 0.5), years of contact lens wear (p = 0.7), MRS (p = 0.4), replacement compliance (p = 0.3), or ON wear compliance (p = 0.7).

Conclusions: Daily replacement wearers were most likely to be compliant with contact lens replacement, but all subjects, including daily replacement wearers, had similar ON wear non-compliance. Non-compliant lens replacement was associated with non-compliant ON wear, but contact lens case replacement was not related to either compliance category. The majority of subjects had no knowledge of proper contact lens case replacement, despite compliance in other categories.

Keywords: Compliance; Contact lens case; Overnight wear.