Immunochemical characterization of human liver and heart ferritins with monoclonal antibodies

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1986 Jul 25;872(1-2):61-71. doi: 10.1016/0167-4838(86)90147-0.


A library of 27 murine monoclonal antibodies was obtained by using human liver and heart ferritins as immunogens. The specificity of the antibodies for the two ferritins and their subunits was studied with five different methods. The antibodies elicited by the liver ferritin bound preferentially the immunogen and were specific for the L subunit. Some antibodies elicited by the heart ferritin had characteristics similar to the anti-liver antibodies, other ones bound preferentially the heart over the liver ferritin and were specific for the H subunit. Only two antibodies were able to bind both ferritins and subunits. Some anti-H and anti-L chain antibodies were used to develop and compare four types of immunoassay to quantitate isoferritins. The results indicate that heart ferritin is immunologically more heterogeneous than liver, the H and L subunits having large immunological differences with few, if any, identical epitopes; and that that the architecture of the immunoassays have a strong influence on the crossreactivity of the antibodies with the two isoferritins, probably because H and L chains are not arranged randomly in the assembled protein.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal*
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Ferritins / analysis*
  • Horses
  • Humans
  • Immunodiffusion
  • Immunosorbent Techniques
  • Liver / analysis*
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Myocardium / analysis*
  • Spleen / analysis


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Ferritins