Actinomycosis Osteomyelitis of the Jaws: Report of Four Cases and a Review of the Literature

J Dent Sci. 2017 Sep;12(3):301-307. doi: 10.1016/j.jds.2013.02.031. Epub 2013 Sep 20.

Abstract

Actinomycosis osteomyelitis of the jaw bones, particularly in the maxilla, is an extremely rare disease. This report presents two cases of maxillary and two cases of mandibular actinomycosis osteomyelitis, with the diagnosis particularly based on histological procedures. The highly diversified pathogenicity of the phenomenon and the absence of solid diagnostic criteria are discussed. Laboratory challenges are emphasized, and a comprehensive overview of the entity including treatment alternatives is given along with a review of the relevant literature.

Keywords: actinomycosis; alveolar bone loss; cervicofacial; osteomyelitis.