Genetic interactions identify combinations of genetic variants that impinge on phenotype. With whole-genome sequence information available for thousands of individuals within a species, a major outstanding issue concerns the interpretation of allelic combinations of genes underlying inherited traits. In this Review, we discuss how large-scale analyses in model systems have illuminated the general principles and phenotypic impact of genetic interactions. We focus on studies in budding yeast, including the mapping of a global genetic network. We emphasize how information gained from work in yeast translates to other systems, and how a global genetic network not only annotates gene function but also provides new insights into the genotype-to-phenotype relationship.
Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.