Mild hypotonia and recurrent seizures in an 8-month-old boy: Questions

Pediatr Nephrol. 2019 Oct;34(10):1727-1728. doi: 10.1007/s00467-019-04231-9. Epub 2019 Mar 22.


Hypomagnesemia with secondary hypocalcemia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder which manifests in early infancy with generalized seizures, other symptoms of neuromuscular irritability, and growth disturbances. Homozygous mutations in the magnesium transporter gene, transient receptor potential melastatin 6 (TRPM6), cause the disease. Here, we present an 8-month-old Turkish boy with a novel mutation of TRPM6. The patient, son of first-degree cousins, was hospitalized because of recurrent seizures and mild hypotonia. He had seizures since the newborn period and he had been treated with phenobarbital but there was no favorable response to therapy. His past history also revealed hypocalcemia detected on the newborn period but serum magnesium levels were not studied at that time. During hospitalization, we detected hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, and normal parathormone levels. Abdominal ultrasound was normal. Magnesium excretion was slightly increased. Considering the consanguinity of the parents and clinical features of the patients, genetic testing of the TRPM6 gene was performed and a novel homozygous mutation was detected as c.3178A>T. He was started on magnesium and calcium supplementation and he is symptom-free for 1 year. We would like to call attention to the measurement of serum magnesium levels in children with hypocalcemic convulsions. Early and appropriate treatment with magnesium supplementation is crucial.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Calcium / administration & dosage*
  • Calcium / blood
  • Humans
  • Hypocalcemia / blood
  • Hypocalcemia / diagnosis
  • Hypocalcemia / drug therapy
  • Hypocalcemia / etiology*
  • Infant
  • Magnesium / administration & dosage
  • Magnesium / blood*
  • Male
  • Muscle Hypotonia / blood
  • Muscle Hypotonia / diagnosis
  • Muscle Hypotonia / drug therapy
  • Muscle Hypotonia / etiology*
  • Phenobarbital / therapeutic use
  • Seizures / blood
  • Seizures / diagnosis
  • Seizures / drug therapy
  • Seizures / etiology*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Magnesium
  • Calcium
  • Phenobarbital