Motivation: Samples from clinical practices are often mixtures of different cell types. The high-throughput data obtained from these samples are thus mixed signals. The cell mixture brings complications to data analysis, and will lead to biased results if not properly accounted for.
Results: We develop a method to model the high-throughput data from mixed, heterogeneous samples, and to detect differential signals. Our method allows flexible statistical inference for detecting a variety of cell-type specific changes. Extensive simulation studies and analyses of two real datasets demonstrate the favorable performance of our proposed method compared with existing ones serving similar purpose.
Availability and implementation: The proposed method is implemented as an R package and is freely available on GitHub (https://github.com/ziyili20/TOAST).
Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.
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