Background: Lynch syndrome (LS) has a 80% lifetime risk of developing colorectal cancer and metachronous cancer. No studies have examined the quality adjusted life expectancy after SEG or TAC for LS patients, which this study was aiming for. If TAC offers a higher quality adjusted life year (QALY) to SEG in LS patients, preoperative diagnosis of LS is critical as it alters the recommended surgical procedure.
Methods: A Markov decision tree was constructed using Treeage software to compare QALY of LS patients following SEG or TAC. Probabilities, cost, and utility were obtained from literature. Cost-effectiveness analyses were performed.
Results: TAC dominates SEG as both the life-saving and cost-saving strategy. TAC dominated SEG on QALY (17.80 vs 17.13 QALY) for a cohort of LS patients diagnosed at an average of 30 year old and followed every 2 years after initial surgery.
Conclusions: We conclude that TAC as the primary surgical option for LS patients diagnosed with Stage I-III colon cancer is cost-effective. Further cost-effectiveness study is recommended to include extra-colonic malignancies in LS patients.
Keywords: Colectomy; Colorectal cancer; Cost-effectiveness analysis; Lynch syndrome.
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