Haemorheological and haemostatic alterations in coeliac disease and inflammatory bowel disease in comparison with non-coeliac, non-IBD subjects (HERMES): a case-control study protocol

BMJ Open. 2019 Mar 23;9(3):e026315. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026315.


Introduction: Haemorheological and haemostatic changes predispose to the development of arterial and venous thrombotic events; however, limited information is available on the status of these changes in coeliac disease (CeD) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In this study, we aim to describe the haemorheological and haemostatic profiles of CeD and IBD patients in a Hungarian cohort of patients to investigate whether any alterations contribute to elevated thrombotic risk.

Methods and analysis: This is a case-control study involving newly diagnosed and followed CeD and IBD patients with age-matched and sex-matched non-CeD, non-IBD subjects with an allocation ratio of 1:1:1.After informed consent is obtained, a detailed medical history will be collected, including venous and arterial thrombotic risk factors and medications. Symptoms in CeD patients will be assessed with the Gastrointestinal Symptoms Rating Scale, and disease activity in IBD patients will be determined by disease-specific scores. Dietary adherence will be assessed among CeD patients with a thorough interview together with a measurement of self-reported adherence, dietary knowledge and urine analysis (detection of gluten immunogenic peptides). In addition to routine laboratory parameters, haemorheological (ie, erythrocyte deformability and aggregation, viscosity of whole blood and plasma) and haemostatic parameters (eg, protein C, protein S and antithrombin) with immunological indicators (ie, coeliac-specific serology and antiphospholipid antibodies) will be measured from venous blood for every participant.Primary and secondary outcomes will be haemorheological and haemostatic parameters, respectively. Univariate and multivariate statistics will be used to compare CeD and IBD patients to control subjects. Subgroup analysis will be performed by disease type in IBD, (Crohn's disease and ulcerose colitis), dietary adherence in CeD, and disease activity in IBD and CeD.

Ethics and dissemination: The study was approved by the Regional and Local Research Ethics Committee, University of Pécs (Ref. No. 6917). Findings will be disseminated at research conferences and in peer-reviewed journals.

Trial registration number: ISRCTN49677481.

Keywords: coeliac disease; haemorheology; inflammatory bowel disease; thrombosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Celiac Disease / blood
  • Celiac Disease / complications*
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / blood
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / complications*
  • Crohn Disease / blood
  • Crohn Disease / complications*
  • Female
  • Hematology*
  • Hemorheology*
  • Humans
  • Hungary
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Research Design
  • Risk Factors
  • Thrombosis / blood
  • Thrombosis / etiology*
  • Young Adult


  • Biomarkers

Associated data

  • ISRCTN/ISRCTN49677481