In adults, intestinal malrotation is an oligosymptomatic entity that is occasionally discovered during the course of diagnostic studies for other causes. In the case described herein, intestinal malrotation was discovered during investigation for cholelithiasis and acute cholecystitis. Malrotation may occur due to alterations in the asymmetric cellular dynamics of the mesentery responsible for intestinal shortening and unilateral retraction, this may occur as a secondary event following alterations in the expression of homeodomain transcription factors. The incidental finding of asymptomatic intestinal malrotation in adults does not preclude its surgical treatment. However, when intestinal malrotation is associated with cholecystitis, due to cholelithiasis, it is advisable, to first treat the cholecystitis conservatively, in our case, and then perform partial adhesiolysis of the Ladd bands that hinder access to the cystic area and carry out cholecystectomy by elective laparoscopy.
Keywords: Cholecystititis; Cholelithiasis; Intestinal malrotation.