Blood concentrations and renal clearance of water-soluble vitamins in outpatients with ulcerative colitis

Biomed Rep. 2019 Mar;10(3):202-210. doi: 10.3892/br.2019.1191. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Abstract

Few studies have investigated the association between dietary intake and blood concentrations of water-soluble vitamins in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). In the present study, vitamin concentrations were measured in the blood and urinary excretion of 23 outpatients with UC and compared against a control group of 20 healthy participants. A weighed food record procedure was used to ensure controlled macronutrient and vitamin intakes of the UC cohort. Individuals in the control group were given a semi-purified diet for 8 days prior to assessment. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to identify important differences in vitamin concentrations, independent of sex, age and other confounding variables. The blood concentrations of vitamins B2, C, niacin and folate were markedly lower in the patients with UC than those in the control group, and the renal clearance of vitamins B1, B6, B12 and folate was notably higher in the UC cohort. It was concluded that vitamins B2, C, niacin and folate were at significantly lower concentrations in patients with UC following adjustment for coexisting factors. The lower levels of niacin may be partially due to impaired reabsorption. Chronic inflammation, common in patients with UC, with may contribute to the lower levels of other vitamins by rendering amino acid and carbohydrate metabolism into a hypermetabolic state. As the role of vitamins in metabolic activity is constant and pervasive, nutritional management including the application of water-soluble vitamins appears important for patients suffering from UC.

Keywords: Japanese; blood vitamin levels; human; ulcerative colitis; urine vitamin excretions; water-soluble vitamins.