Efficacy of Tinnitus Retraining Therapy, A Modish Management of Tinnitus: Our Experience

Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019 Mar;71(1):95-98. doi: 10.1007/s12070-018-1392-6. Epub 2018 May 23.

Abstract

Tinnitus retraining therapy involves masking of tinnitus at sound perception level in combination with structured counselling sessions. To assess efficacy of Tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT) in Patients of Tinnitus with Sensori Neural Hearing loss. Prospective study was carried out on patients who presented with Tinnitus in ENT OPD from December 2015 to December 2016. Severity of tinnitus was documented using Tinnitus handicap inventory scale. Response to tinnitus is evaluated at the end of 3 months. In our study 57 patients in age group 21-78 years were selected and Tinnitus retraining therapy was administered. Most of patients had moderate (75.43%) perception of tinnitus before initiation of therapy. After completion of therapy tinnitus completely disappeared in 34 (59.65%) patients. Improvement in Tinnitus perception was observed in total of 49 (85.96%) patients. There was no improvement in Tinnitus perception in 8 (14.03%) patients. TRT aims in reducing the tinnitus perception by inducing habituation of tinnitus-induced reactions allowing patients to achieve control over their tinnitus, live a normal life, and participate in everyday activities.

Keywords: Tinnitus; Tinnitus handicap inventory (THI) scale; Tinnitus retraining therapy.