Advanced maternal age has been reported to impair oocyte quality; however, the underlying mechanisms remain to be explored. In the present study, we identified the lowered NAD+ content and decreased expression of NMNAT2 protein in oocytes from old mice. Specific depletion of NMNAT2 in mouse oocytes disturbs the meiotic apparatus assembly and metabolic activity. Of note, nicotinic acid supplementation during in vitro culture or forced expression of NMNAT2 in aged oocytes was capable of reducing the reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and incidence of spindle/chromosome defects. Moreover, we revealed that activation or overexpression of SIRT1 not only partly prevents the deficient phenotypes of aged oocytes but also ameliorates the meiotic anomalies and oxidative stress in NMNAT2-depleted oocytes. To sum up, our data indicate a role for NMNAT2 in controlling redox homeostasis during oocyte maturation and uncover that NMNAT2- NAD+ -SIRT1 is an important pathway mediating the effects of maternal age on oocyte developmental competence.
Keywords: maternal age; meiosis; metabolism; oocyte quality; oxidative stress.
© 2019 The Authors. Aging Cell published by the Anatomical Society and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.