Recent Progress on the Localization of the Spindle Assembly Checkpoint Machinery to Kinetochores

Cells. 2019 Mar 23;8(3):278. doi: 10.3390/cells8030278.


Faithful chromosome segregation during mitosis is crucial for maintaining genome stability. The spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) is a surveillance mechanism that ensures accurate mitotic progression. Defective SAC signaling leads to premature sister chromatid separation and aneuploid daughter cells. Mechanistically, the SAC couples the kinetochore microtubule attachment status to the cell cycle progression machinery. In the presence of abnormal kinetochore microtubule attachments, the SAC prevents the metaphase-to-anaphase transition through a complex kinase-phosphatase signaling cascade which results in the correct balance of SAC components recruited to the kinetochore. The correct kinetochore localization of SAC proteins is a prerequisite for robust SAC signaling and, hence, accurate chromosome segregation. Here, we review recent progresses on the kinetochore recruitment of core SAC factors.

Keywords: kinase; kinetochore; localization; microtubule; spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aurora Kinase B / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Kinetochores / metabolism*
  • M Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints*
  • Models, Biological
  • Spindle Apparatus / metabolism*


  • Aurora Kinase B