Impact of Diarrhea after Drinking on Colorectal Tumor Risk: A Case Control Study

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2019 Mar 26;20(3):795-799. doi: 10.31557/APJCP.2019.20.3.795.


Background: Recently, the number of colorectal cancer (CRC) cases in Japan has been increasing, and is strongly influenced by alcohol consumption. On the other hand, there are several reports suggesting a relationship between bowel movement (constipation and diarrhea) and CRC development. Moreover, it is generally known that diarrhea may occur after drinking. However, the mechanism by which drinking alcohol increases CRC is not fully clarified yet. We hypothesized that diarrhea after drinking may play an important role in colorectal carcinogenesis. Methods: We examined the presence of diarrhea after drinking and further evaluated the correlation of diarrhea after drinking with the incidence of colorectal tumors. To obtain the status of the feces, a self-recorded questionnaire survey was administered using the dietary-recording method. Blood samples were obtained to analyze the ALDH2 Glu504Lys and ADH1B His48Arg polymorphisms. Results: The participants were 417 patients who had undergone a total colonoscopy. The control was selected from 186 patients who underwent a medical checkup at the same hospital during the same time period. The odds ratio for all subjects was 2.1 (95% CI: 1.18 - 3.80), and that for heavy drinkers was 4.2 (1.48 - 11. 90). Conclusions: The results demonstrated that those who have diarrhea after drinking possess a high risk of developing colon tumors.

Keywords: Colorectal cancer; diarrhea; drinking; ADH1B; ALDH2.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / etiology*
  • Diarrhea / complications*
  • Diarrhea / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Factors