Frequency-Dependent Changes in Resting State Electroencephalogram Functional Networks after Traumatic Brain Injury in Piglets

J Neurotrauma. 2019 Sep 1;36(17):2558-2578. doi: 10.1089/neu.2017.5574. Epub 2019 May 23.


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major health concern in children, as it can cause chronic cognitive and behavioral deficits. The lack of objective involuntary metrics for the diagnosis of TBI makes prognosis more challenging, especially in the pediatric context, in which children are often unable to articulate their symptoms. Resting state electroencephalograms (EEG), which are inexpensive and non-invasive, and do not require subjects to perform cognitive tasks, have not yet been used to create functional brain networks in relation to TBI in children or non-human animals; here we report the first such study. We recorded resting state EEG in awake piglets before and after TBI, from which we generated EEG functional networks from the alpha (8-12 Hz), beta (16.5-25 Hz), broad (1-35 Hz), delta (1-3.5 Hz), gamma (30-35 Hz), sigma (13-16 Hz), and theta (4-7.5 Hz) frequency bands. We hypothesize that mild TBI will induce persistent frequency-dependent changes in the 4-week-old piglet at acute and chronic time points. Hyperconnectivity was found in several frequency band networks after TBI. This study serves as proof of concept that the study of EEG functional networks in awake piglets may be useful for the development of diagnostic metrics for TBI in children.

Keywords: EEG; functional network; pediatric brain injury; porcine; resting state.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / physiopathology
  • Brain Injuries, Traumatic / physiopathology*
  • Electroencephalography / methods*
  • Nerve Net / physiopathology*
  • Rest
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Swine
  • Wakefulness