PP2A enables IL-2 signaling by preserving IL-2Rβ chain expression during Treg development

JCI Insight. 2019 Mar 26;5(9):e126294. doi: 10.1172/jci.insight.126294.

Abstract

Tregs require IL-2 signaling for signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5)-mediated induction of Foxp3. While phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a negative regulator of IL-2 production in effector T cells and Tregs do not produce IL-2, it is not known whether PP2A controls IL-2 signaling in Tregs. To address the role of PP2A in IL-2 signaling in Tregs we studied mice engineered to lack PP2A in all Foxp3-expressing cells. We report that PP2A is required to enable Foxp3 expression and to maintain sufficient numbers of Tregs in the thymus. We show for the first time that PP2A prevents the selective loss of surface IL-2Rβ and preserves IL-2R signaling potency in Tregs. The loss of IL-2Rβ in thymus- and spleen-derived Tregs that lack PP2A is due to increased sheddase activity. Pan-sheddase or selective A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 10 (ADAM10) inhibition, like forced expression of IL-2Rβ in PP2A-deficient Tregs restored IL-2Rβ expression and signaling. Thus, PP2A restrains the sheddase activity of ADAM10 in Treg cells to prevent the cleavage of IL-2Rβ from the cell surface to enable competent IL-2R signaling which is essential for Tregs development and homeostasis.

Keywords: Autoimmune diseases; Autoimmunity; Cell Biology; Phosphoprotein phosphatases; T cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • ADAM10 Protein / metabolism
  • Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases
  • Animals
  • Autoimmune Diseases / metabolism
  • Autoimmunity
  • CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • Disintegrins / metabolism
  • Forkhead Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Homeostasis
  • Interleukin-2 / metabolism*
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Protein Phosphatase 2 / genetics
  • Protein Phosphatase 2 / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Interleukin-2 / deficiency
  • Receptors, Interleukin-2 / metabolism*
  • STAT5 Transcription Factor / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Spleen / pathology
  • T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory / metabolism*
  • Thymus Gland / pathology

Substances

  • Disintegrins
  • Forkhead Transcription Factors
  • Foxp3 protein, mouse
  • Interleukin-2
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Receptors, Interleukin-2
  • STAT5 Transcription Factor
  • Protein Phosphatase 2
  • Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases
  • ADAM10 Protein
  • Adam10 protein, mouse