Engaging Communities to Reach Immigrant and Minority Populations: The Minnesota Immunization Networking Initiative (MINI), 2006-2017

Public Health Rep. 2019 May/Jun;134(3):241-248. doi: 10.1177/0033354919834579. Epub 2019 Mar 26.


In Minneapolis-St Paul, Minnesota, factors such as cultural and linguistic diversity make it difficult for public health agencies to reach immigrant and racial/ethnic minority populations with health initiatives. Founded in 2006, the Minnesota Immunization Networking Initiative (MINI) is a community project that has provided more than 80 000 free influenza vaccinations to vulnerable populations, including immigrants and racial/ethnic minority groups. MINI administered 5910 vaccinations through 99 community-based vaccination clinics during the 2017-2018 influenza season and surveyed the clients in their own language about influenza vaccination knowledge and practices. Among those surveyed, 2545 (43.1%) were uninsured and 408 (6.9%) received a first-time influenza vaccination at the MINI clinic. A total of 2893 (49.0%) respondents heard about the clinic through their faith community. Lessons learned included the importance of building relationships with community leaders and involving them as full partners, holding clinics in community-based settings to bring vaccinations to clients, and reporting outcomes to partners.

Keywords: community health; faith-based; immigrant and minority health; influenza vaccination.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Communication
  • Community Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Community-Institutional Relations
  • Emigrants and Immigrants*
  • Ethnicity
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Promotion / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • Immunization Programs / organization & administration*
  • Infant
  • Influenza Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Influenza, Human / prevention & control
  • Interinstitutional Relations
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Minnesota
  • Minority Groups*
  • Program Evaluation
  • Racial Groups
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Young Adult


  • Influenza Vaccines