Meningoencephalitis Caused by a Campylobacter fetus in a Patient with Chronic Alcoholism

Intern Med. 2019 Aug 1;58(15):2247-2250. doi: 10.2169/internalmedicine.1486-18. Epub 2019 Mar 28.


We herein report a case of Campylobacter fetus meningoencephalitis in a patient with chronic alcoholism. C. fetus is a rare cause of meningitis. The patient presented with hallucinations and monology, and alcohol withdrawal was initially suspected. After he was unsuccessfully treated for alcohol withdrawal delirium, we diagnosed C. fetus meningoencephalitis. Ampicillin monotherapy gradually improved his clinical status. A previous report stated that C. fetus infection is associated with chronic alcoholism. In patients with chronic alcoholism and disturbed consciousness, an atypical bacterial central nervous system infection, such as C. fetus meningoencephalitis, should be considered.

Keywords: Campylobacter fetus; ampicillin; chronic alcoholism; meningoencephalitis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Alcoholism / complications*
  • Ampicillin / therapeutic use
  • Campylobacter Infections / drug therapy
  • Campylobacter fetus*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meningoencephalitis / complications*
  • Meningoencephalitis / drug therapy
  • Meningoencephalitis / etiology
  • Meningoencephalitis / microbiology*
  • Middle Aged


  • Ampicillin