Background: ASN002 is an oral dual inhibitor of Janus kinase and spleen tyrosine kinase, which are involved in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD) through their regulatory role on T helper (Th)1, Th2 and Th17/Th22 pathways.
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy, safety, pharmacokinetics and effects on systemic biomarkers of ASN002 in patients with moderate-to-severe AD. Methods A total of 36 patients with moderate-to-severe AD were randomized (3 : 1) to ASN002 or placebo in the phase Ib study. Three dosage cohorts were studied over a 28-day period (20 mg, 40 mg and 80 mg once daily).
Results: ASN002 was superior to placebo for the proportion of patients achieving Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI) 50 (20 mg 20%, P = 0·93; 40 mg 100%, P = 0·003; 80 mg 83%, P = 0·03; placebo 22%), EASI 75 (20 mg 0%, P = 0·27; 40 mg 71%, P = 0·06; 80 mg 33%, P = 0·65; placebo 22%) and in change from baseline in pruritus (20 mg -1·3 ± 2·1, P = 0·81; 40 mg -3·1 ± 2·7, P = 0·27; 80 mg -4·7 ± 2·1, P = 0·01; placebo -1·6 ± 1·8). Adverse events were generally mild and similar across all groups. ASN002 showed dose-dependent plasma exposure with low interpatient variability, significantly downregulated several serum biomarkers involved in Th1, Th2 and Th17/Th22 immunity, and decreased the atherosclerosis-associated biomarker E selectin/SELE.
Conclusions: In patients with moderate-to-severe AD, ASN002 showed strong efficacy with rapid onset of action and associated improvements in systemic inflammation.
© 2019 The Authors. British Journal of Dermatology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Association of Dermatologists.