Digital Behavior Surveillance for Monitoring the Interests of Google Users in Amber Necklace in Different Countries

Int J Paediatr Dent. 2019 Sep;29(5):603-614. doi: 10.1111/ipd.12500. Epub 2019 Apr 10.


Aim: To determine the interests of Google users in information about amber necklace in distinct countries over time.

Design: This longitudinal retrospective study analyzed the amber necklace-related computational data generated from the activity of Google users from17 countries, by the application of Google Trends. Four search strategies were defined in English, Spanish, Portuguese, and Italian, for retrieving the monthly variation of relative search volume (RSV) between January 2004 and September 2018, including all categories and sources of search. Trends and 12-month predictive interests of users were analyzed by forecasting autoregressive integrated moving average models, while the influences of seasonality were evaluated by generalized additive models. The most popular queries employed for Google users were determined to qualitative analysis. P values < 0.05 were considered significant.

Results: In general, RSV curves were characterized by uptrends in most studied countries over the years, without the influence of monthly or quarterly seasonality. The queries were frequently associated with a desire for additional information, with respect to the definition, usability, and teething symptoms relief promoted by amber jewelries.

Conclusions: These findings indicate an increasing interest of Google users in amber necklace-related topics in different countries.

Keywords: behavior; beliefs; ehealth; primary dentition; telehealth; tooth eruption.

MeSH terms

  • Amber*
  • Forecasting
  • Internet
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tooth Eruption*


  • Amber