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Review
. 2019 May;265:150-155.
doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2019.03.022. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Development of Vaccines Against African Swine Fever Virus

Affiliations
Review

Development of Vaccines Against African Swine Fever Virus

Elena G Sánchez et al. Virus Res. .

Abstract

An outbreak in the Caucasus in 2007 initiated the spread of ASFV through Russia and Eastern Europe, subsequently affecting Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, the Baltic States, the Czech Republic, Moldova, Romania and Bulgaria. The declaration of outbreaks in China and Central Europe in August 2018, definitely confirms the serious threat that the extension of ASF represents for the global swine industry and the environment. Despite the efforts of several groups to generate a vaccine against ASFV, currently only control and eradication measures are available based mainly on the early detection and implementation of strict sanitary procedures, including the mass slaughter of animals, both domestic and wild boar. However, the rapid spread of the disease shows that these actions are clearly insufficient to control the current pandemic situation, and the development of a vaccine is urgently required.

Keywords: ASFV; DIVA; Live attenuated vaccines; Subunit vaccine; Vaccines.

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