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Observational Study
. 2019 Jun;155(6):1158-1165.
doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2019.03.005. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Comparative Effectiveness and Safety of LABA-LAMA vs LABA-ICS Treatment of COPD in Real-World Clinical Practice

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Observational Study

Comparative Effectiveness and Safety of LABA-LAMA vs LABA-ICS Treatment of COPD in Real-World Clinical Practice

Samy Suissa et al. Chest. .

Abstract

Background: Long-acting β2-agonists (LABAs) and long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMAs) are recommended as initial maintenance treatments for COPD, with their combination (LABA-LAMA) advocated as the disease progresses. Randomized trials comparing the effectiveness of this combination with the alternative combination of LABA with inhaled corticosteroid (LABA-ICS) have reported conflicting data, while there are no real-world comparative effectiveness and safety studies of these regimens in clinical practice settings.

Methods: We identified a cohort of patients with COPD during 2002-2015, age 55 years or older, from the United Kingdom's Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Patients initiating LABA-LAMA on the same day (no ICS) were matched on time-conditional high-dimensional propensity scores with patients initiating LABA-ICS on the same day (no LAMA), and monitored for 1 year for the occurrence of a moderate or severe COPD exacerbation and severe pneumonia.

Results: The cohort included 1,977 initiators of LABA-LAMA matched with 1,977 initiators of LABA-ICS. The hazard ratio (HR) of moderate or severe COPD exacerbation associated with LABA-LAMA initiation, relative to LABA-ICS initiation, was 1.04 (95% CI, 0.90-1.20), while for a severe exacerbation it was 0.94 (95% CI, 0.65-1.36). The incidence of severe pneumonia requiring hospitalization was lower with LABA-LAMA initiation (HR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.41-1.05), particularly in the on-treatment analysis (HR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.50-0.87).

Conclusions: In a real-world clinical practice setting of COPD treatment, combined LABA-LAMA inhalers appear to be as effective as combined LABA-ICS inhalers in preventing COPD exacerbations. However, a LABA-LAMA combination may be preferred because it is associated with fewer severe pneumonias.

Keywords: COPD treatment; database research; observational study; real world evidence.

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