Combinatorial interactions of genetic variants in human cardiomyopathy

Nat Biomed Eng. 2019 Feb;3(2):147-157. doi: 10.1038/s41551-019-0348-9. Epub 2019 Feb 7.


Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide; yet how genetic variation and environmental factors impact DCM heritability remains unclear. Here, we report that compound genetic interactions between DNA sequence variants contribute to the complex heritability of DCM. By using genetic data from a large family with a history of DCM, we discovered that heterozygous sequence variants in the TROPOMYOSIN 1 (TPM1) and VINCULIN (VCL) genes cose-gregate in individuals affected by DCM. In vitro studies of patient-derived and isogenic human-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived cardio-myocytes that were genome-edited via CRISPR to create an allelic series of TPM1 and VCL variants revealed that cardiomyocytes with both TPM1 and VCL variants display reduced contractility and sarcomeres that are less organized. Analyses of mice genetically engineered to harbour these human TPM1 and VCL variants show that stress on the heart may also influence the variable penetrance and expressivity of DCM-associated genetic variants in vivo. We conclude that compound genetic variants can interact combinatorially to induce DCM, particularly when influenced by other disease-provoking stressors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / genetics*
  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / physiopathology
  • Extracellular Matrix / metabolism
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Humans
  • Inheritance Patterns / genetics
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Models, Biological
  • Muscle Contraction / genetics
  • Myocytes, Cardiac / metabolism
  • Myocytes, Cardiac / pathology
  • Pedigree
  • Pluripotent Stem Cells / metabolism
  • Up-Regulation / genetics