Background: Untreated, chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection may lead to progressive liver damage, which can be mitigated by successful treatment. This integrated analysis reports the safety, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of the ribavirin-free, direct-acting, antiviral, fixed-dose combination of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (G/P) in patients with chronic HCV genotype 1-6 infections and compensated liver disease, including patients with chronic kidney disease stages 4 or 5 (CKD 4/5).
Methods: Data from 9 Phase II and III clinical trials, assessing the efficacy and safety of G/P treatment for 8-16 weeks, were included. The presence of cirrhosis was determined at screening using a liver biopsy, transient elastography, or serum biomarkers. The objectives were to evaluate safety, the rate of sustained virologic response at post-treatment week 12 (SVR12), and steady-state PK by cirrhosis status.
Results: Among 2369 patients, 308 (13%) were Child-Pugh Class A, including 20 with CKD 4/5. Overall, <1% of patients experienced an adverse event (AE) that led to G/P discontinuation or G/P-related serious AEs (SAEs). The most common AEs were headache and fatigue, occurring at similar frequencies with and without cirrhosis. SAEs were more common in patients with CKD 4/5, but all were unrelated to G/P. There were no cases of drug-induced liver injury or clinically relevant hepatic decompensation. SVR12 rates were 96.4% (297/308) with compensated cirrhosis and 97.5% (2010/2061) without cirrhosis. PK analysis demonstrated a 2.2-fold increase in glecaprevir exposure, but not pibrentasvir exposure, in patients with compensated cirrhosis.
Conclusions: G/P was safe and efficacious in patients with compensated liver disease, including those with CKD 4/5.
Keywords: HCV; adverse event; chronic kidney disease; compensated cirrhosis; glecaprevir/pibrentasvir.
© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America.