Antimicrobial-resistant bacterial infections from foods of animal origin: understanding and effectively communicating to consumers

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2019 Apr;1441(1):40-49. doi: 10.1111/nyas.14091.


Consumers are increasingly interested in the attributes of the food they consume. This includes what is in the food and how it was raised; and at least some consumers are willing to pay a premium for products with specific attributes. However, the current plethora of labels on the market does not adequately address this issue; rather than providing actionable information, most labels add to the consumer confusion. In addition, there is a tendency toward "absence labels" that can contribute to a negative consumer perception of conventional products that may or may not include the attribute in question. Communication with consumers about the complex and highly technical issue of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is challenging, and experiences from communication efforts about food safety-related issues demonstrate exactly how challenging this is to communicate clearly. General lessons learned from the science of risk communication can help guide efforts to communicate about the challenging issue of AMR. There are efforts underway to chart out a new approach. A new labeled animal production certification program is under development to provide choice for consumers, while reducing consumer confusion, which mandates antibiotic stewardship practices.

Keywords: antibiotics; antimicrobial resistance; food animals; no antibiotics ever.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage
  • Bacterial Infections / microbiology
  • Bacterial Infections / transmission*
  • Consumer Behavior*
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial*
  • Food Labeling
  • Food Microbiology*
  • Food Safety*
  • Risk Factors


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents