Robotic Cardiac Surgery Part I: Anesthetic Considerations in Totally Endoscopic Robotic Cardiac Surgery (TERCS)

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2020 Jan;34(1):267-277. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2019.02.039. Epub 2019 Feb 27.


The application and evolution of total endoscopic robotic cardiac surgery (TERCS) has become greater as institutions and surgeons become more comfortable with robotic technology. Over the years many improvements have been made to facilitate technically challenging cardiac procedures using robotics and increase overall survival and quality of life for these patients. However, a dedicated multidisciplinary approach led by a core group of clinicians is necessary for good patient experience and outcomes. In addition, good communication and performance improvement measures with attention to detailed perioperative management are essential to a successful robotic cardiac program.

Keywords: anesthetic management; minimally invasive cardiac surgery; post access; robotic cardiac surgery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anesthetics*
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures*
  • Humans
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
  • Quality of Life
  • Robotics*


  • Anesthetics