Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a thrombotic microangiopathy related to a severe deficiency of ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type 1 repeats, member 13). In this article, we describe the first case of a young male adult suffering from a hereditary TTP revealed by recurrent strokes, relapsing despite antiplatelet and anticoagulant therapy. Because of the persistent moderate thrombocytopenia, plasmatic ADAMTS13 activity was investigated and was found lower than 5% in the absence of anti-ADAMTS13 IgG. Direct sequencing of ADAMTS13 gene led to the diagnosis of Upschaw-Schulman syndrome (USS). Inherited TTP or USS is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disease leading to a severe deficiency of ADAMTS13 mostly beginning in childhood or in young female adult during pregnancy. Our patient was treated with fresh frozen plasma every 2 weeks. One year after diagnosis, he was free of neurological symptoms. Around 12 cases of inherited TTP diagnosed in adults (outside pregnancy) are described in literature. Only 4 of them exhibited a stroke. This case is the first late onset genetic TTP revealed by recurrent strokes, moderate thrombocytopenia without anemia.
Keywords: Stroke; neurogenetic; thrombocytopenia ADAMTS13; thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.
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