We assembled a complete mitochondrial genome of a unique Australian skipper butterfly Euschemon rafflesia (Hesperiidae) from next generation sequencing reads. The 15,447 bp mitogenome covers 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNAs), 2 ribosomal RNA genes (rRNAs), and an A+T-rich region. Its gene order is typical for mitogenomes of Lepidoptera. Phylogenetic analysis places Euschemon rafflesia as a sister to the rest of Hesperiidae except Coeliadinae.
Keywords: Coeliadinae; Euschemoninae; Next-generation sequencing; frenulum; phylogeny.