Resveratrol (RES) is a well-known phytocompound and food component which has antioxidative and multifunctional bioactivities. The present study aims to examine how resveratrol administration affects plasma leptin and liver glycogen levels in rats subjected to an acute swimming exercise bout. The study was carried out on Wistar-Albino type adult male rats, each group include 7 rats. Group 1, Control Group. Group 2, Control Swimming Group: The group fed on a standard diet and subjected to an acute swimming exercise bout for 30 minutes at the end of the study. Group 3, Resveratrol Group: The group fed on a standard diet and given (10 mg/kg) resveratrol in drinking water for four weeks. Group 4, Resveratrol + Swimming Group: The group fed on a standard diet, given (10 mg/kg) resveratrol in drinking water for four weeks and subjected to a 30-minute acute swimming exercise at the end of the study. Plasma leptin levels using ELISA method (ng/l) and liver glycogen levels were determined by using histochemical method (number/0.1 mm2). Four weeks resveratrol administration to exercised and not-exercised rats did not cause a change in plasma leptin levels. Liver glycogen levels were 17.00 ± 3.16; 14.12 ± 2.98; 20.82 ± 1.97; 16.38 ± 1.27 (mean ± sd); respectively in groups 1, 2, 3, 4. Resveratrol administration to rats subjected to a bout of acute swimming exercise produced an effect that prevented the decrease in liver glycogen (p < 0.05). The study highlights that resveratrol supplementation may have regulatory effects on liver glycogen levels in exercised and non-exercised rats.
Keywords: Glycogen; Leptin; Rat; Resveratrol; Swimming exercise.