Prediabetes is defined as a state of abnormal glucose homeostasis where blood glucose levels are elevated above those considered normal, but not as high as those required for a diagnosis of diabetes. As a condition intermediate between normal glucose homeostasis and the pathological condition of diabetes, the characterization of prediabetes as a distinct pathogenic condition is controversial. Emerging evidence suggests that the condition of prediabetes is associated with pathophysiological changes in several tissues and organs, which would support its recognition as a distinct pathological entity; the recent inclusion of prediabetes and associated billable conditions in the most recent ICD-10 codes provides additional credence to this position. This minireview summarizes our understanding of prediabetes and provides evidence that it should be considered a distinct and important clinical entity.
Keywords: ICD-10 codes; Prediabetes; management; pathophysiology; prevalence.