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. 2019 Apr;43:271-276.
doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2019.02.004. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Prevalence, Patterns, and Predictors of Meditation Use Among U.S. Children: Results From the National Health Interview Survey

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Prevalence, Patterns, and Predictors of Meditation Use Among U.S. Children: Results From the National Health Interview Survey

Claudia Wang et al. Complement Ther Med. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of the study is to examine the characteristics of various types of meditation use (i.e., mantra, mindful, and spiritual meditation) among U.S. children.

Methods: Using 2017 National Health Interview Survey, we examined the prevalence, patterns, and potential predictors of meditation use among U.S. children aged 4 to 17 years. Descriptive statistics, Wald F chi-square test, and multivariable logistic regression were used for data analysis (n = 6925).

Results: Overall meditation use has increased substantially from 1.6% in 2012 to 7.4% in 2017 among children in the US. Children with chronic medical conditions were more likely to use mindful meditation (Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 1.9-3.6, 95% CI [1.0-7.4]). Regularly taking prescription medication had an inverse relation with mantra meditation use (AOR = 0.4, 95% CI [0.2-0.9]). Children with delayed medical care due to access difficulties were more likely to use spiritual meditation, compared to those who did not (AOR = 1.7, 95% CI [1.1-2.6]).

Conclusions: Meditation use has rapidly increased among U.S. children within the past few years. Future studies should explore the underlying reasons for this increase and its potential benefits for pediatric meditators.

Keywords: Children; Mantra meditation; Mindfulness meditation; Spiritual meditation.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of interest

Authors have no conflict of interest to report.

Figures

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.
Percentage of children aged 4–17 years who used selected meditation techniques during the past 12 months: United States, NHIS 2012 and 2017.

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