Validation of Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire - Short form, in Spanish, general health care services patients sample: Prediction of depression through mindfulness scale

PLoS One. 2019 Apr 2;14(4):e0214503. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0214503. eCollection 2019.

Abstract

The validation of Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ)-short version was performed in a general population of a city in a region of Galicia (Spain), the sample was composed of randomly selected Spanish Health Care patients (N = 845). The results on the goodness of fit of the non-hierarchical, five-dimensional factorial model met the criteria for good and acceptable model adjustment (after eliminating item 18 and despite the correlations detected among the errors included in the model), explaining a 55.5%.of the variance. As the second objective has been analysed the association between the scores obtained in the different facets of the FFMQ-SF and the risk of suffering an episode of depression. (The Odd Ratio, the Hosmer-Lemeshow test and the ROC curve were calculated.) Participants who were currently suffering from an episode of depression were more likely to have low scores in "describing" facet of Mindfulness (adjusted OR = 1.58, 95% CI = 1.04-2.40, linear trend: χ2 = 3.74, df = 1, p = 0.053) as well as low scores on "acting with awareness" (adjusted OR = 2.19, 95% CI = 1.461-3.30, linear trend: χ2 = 9.52, df = 1; = 0.002) and "non judging" (adjusted OR = 2.05, 95% CI = 1.36-3.09, linear trend: χ2 = 143.21, df = 1; p <0.001). Participants with a previous episode of depression were more likely to have low scores on the subscale "acting with awareness" (adjusted OR = 2.37, 95% CI = 1.43-3.93, linear trend: χ2 = 9.62, df = 1, p = 0.002) and "non-reactivity" (adjusted OR = 2.14, 95% CI = 1.28-3.56, linear trend: χ2 = 8.30; df = 1; p = 0.004. Questionnaire FFMQ-SF is an adequate questionnaire for the evaluation of mindfulness in non-clinical multi- occupational population.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Algorithms
  • Awareness
  • Depression / diagnosis*
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Language
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mindfulness*
  • Odds Ratio
  • Psychometrics / methods*
  • ROC Curve
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Spain
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Young Adult

Grant support

This study was carried out with the support of the "Aragon Research Group (SM Aragon)" and the "Epidem-Galicia" group, both members of the Research Network on Prevention and Health Promotion Activities in Primary Care (RedIAPP- RD12 / 005/006), of the Carlos III Health Institute.