Forehead and Orbital Rim Remodeling

Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2019 May;27(2):207-220. doi: 10.1016/j.fsc.2019.01.007. Epub 2019 Mar 2.


Facial features remodeling surgery is performed to obtain feminization of the face that corresponds to the gender perceived by patients. This includes techniques and findings to remodel the forehead and orbital rim to change the expression of the eyes, correction of the frontonasal angle in relation to rhinoplasty, hairline feminization, and eyebrow lift to correct the position and aesthetic dissatisfaction or the effects of aging.

Keywords: Aesthetic craniofacial surgery; Craniofacial surgery; Eye expression; Facial features remodeling surgery; Facial feminization surgery; Forehead and orbital rim remodeling; Frontal sinus reconstruction; Periorbital aesthetic surgery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Face / surgery
  • Female
  • Forehead / surgery*
  • Gender Dysphoria / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Orbit / surgery*
  • Osteotomy / methods
  • Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Skull / surgery*