The aim of this study was to identify and characterize laccase genes produced by Trametes hirsuta Bm-2 in a liquid medium, both with and without induction. The amplification of 5'and 3'regions of laccase sequences was obtained by the RACE-PCR method, and these were assembled to obtain a cDNA of total length. Two new laccase genes were isolated from basal medium (lac-B) and lignocellulosic grapefruit substrate (lac-T), both encoding open reading frames of 2566 bp. Both laccase-predicted proteins consisted of 521 amino acids, four copper-binding regions, a signal peptide, and five potential glycosilation sites (Asn-Xaa-Ser/Tre). Moreover, the deduced amino acid sequences share about 76-85% identity with other laccases of WRF. Sequence comparison showed 47 synonymous point mutations between lac-B and lac-T. In addition, 5' untranslated regions (UTR) of laccase genes lac-B and lac-T showed differences in length and number of regulatory elements that may affect transcriptional or translational expression of these genes.
Keywords: Laccase genes; RACE-PCR; Trametes hirsuta; Untranslated regions.
Conflict of interest statement
Compliance with ethical standardsThe authors declare that there is no conflict of interest regarding publication of this paper.
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