Associations between baseline amyloid, sex, and APOE on subsequent tau accumulation in cerebrospinal fluid

Neurobiol Aging. 2019 Jun;78:178-185. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2019.02.019. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Abstract

We investigated the effect of baseline Aβ, sex, and APOE on longitudinal tau accumulation in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in clinically normal older adults. Two hundred thirty-nine participants (aged 56-89 years, clinical dementia rating = 0) underwent serial CSF collection for Aβ1-42, total-tau (t-tau) and phospho-tau181P (p-tau). We used preprocessed data from fully automated Roche Elecsys immunoassays. A series of linear regressions were used to examine cross-sectional effects of Aβ1-42, sex, and APOEε4 on baseline CSF tau and linear mixed models for longitudinal changes in CSF tau. Cross-sectionally, CSF t-tau and p-tau were associated with abnormal Aβ1-42 and APOEε4 but not with sex. Longitudinally, low baseline CSF Aβ1-42 levels, but not APOEε4 or sex, predicted faster p-tau accumulation. The relationship between baseline CSF Aβ1-42 and tau accumulation was strongest in APOEε4 carriers, and particularly female carriers, relative to other groups. The current findings support an association between baseline CSF Aβ1-42 and changes in CSF tau. Elevated risk in females, apparent only in carriers, reinforces findings of sex-related vulnerability in those with genetic predisposition for Alzheimer's disease.

Keywords: APOE; Alzheimer's disease; Amyloid; Cerebrospinal fluid; Sex; tau.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alzheimer Disease / genetics
  • Amyloid beta-Peptides / cerebrospinal fluid*
  • Apolipoproteins E / genetics*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics
  • Healthy Aging / cerebrospinal fluid*
  • Heterozygote*
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Peptide Fragments / cerebrospinal fluid*
  • Risk
  • Sex Characteristics*
  • tau Proteins / cerebrospinal fluid*

Substances

  • Amyloid beta-Peptides
  • Apolipoproteins E
  • Peptide Fragments
  • amyloid beta-protein (1-42)
  • tau Proteins