Organisms of the Mycobacterium chelonae-abscessus group can be significant pathogens in humans. They produce a number of diseases including acute, invasive and chronic infections, which may be difficult to diagnose correctly. Identification among members of this group is complicated by differentiating at least eleven (11) known species and subspecies and complexity of identification methodologies. Treatment of their infections may be problematic due to their correct species identification, antibiotic resistance, their differential susceptibility to the limited number of drugs available, and scarcity of susceptibility testing.
Keywords: Infections produced by Mycobacterium chelonae-abscessus group; Mycobacterium abscessus group; Mycobacterium chelonae-abscessus group.
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